Aviation Safety in Africa


Aviation safety in Africa is enhanced by the implementation of the Abuja Safety Targets. These are realistic, achievable and quantifiably measurable safety milestones initially adopted by the African Ministers responsible for civil aviation at the Ministerial Conference on Aviation Safety in Africa, from 16 – 20 July 2012 through the Abuja Declaration on Aviation Safety. 

The safety targets are continuously reviewed to remain aligned to the ICAO Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP) to ensure relevance and effectiveness.

African member States are expected to comply with all the Abuja Safety Targets and AFCAC was tasked to play the role of monitoring and evaluation to ensure compliance.

Reduce the African accident rate from 8.6 to 2.5 per million departures by the end of 2022

Target 1:  Progressively reduce the African accident rate from 8.6 to 2.5 per million departures by the end of 2022 with particular attention to CFIT and LOCI related occurrences.

Target 2:

All States establish and strengthen autonomous Civil Aviation Authorities with independent regulatory oversight, sustainable sources of funding and resources to carry out effective safety oversight and regulation of the aviation industry by 2022.

Target 3:

States to resolve:

  • Existing SSCs by June 2018;

  • Newly identified SSCs within 6 months from the date of its official publication by ICAO.

Target 4:

States to abide by the timelines and provide resources for implementation of ICAO USOAP State Action Plans.

  • All States to have accepted ICAO Plans of Action by 2019 and

  • abide by the timelines and provide resources for their implementation.

Target 5:

States to progressively increase the Effective Implementation (EI) percentage under the ICAO USOAP such that States with:

  • EI < 60% attain 60% by 2020;

  • 60% ≤ EI ≤ 70% attain 80% by 2022;

  • 70% < EI attain 95% by 2028.

Target 6:

All States to implement SSP/SMS consistent with the agreed milestones by end of year 2025.

Target 7:

All International Aerodromes to be certified by 2022.

Target 8:

Require all African airlines to obtain an IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) certification by end of year 2022.

Target 9:

All States to establish an effective and operational SAR organization by end of year 2019.

Target 10:

All States to implement the transition from AIS to AIM by end of year 2022.

Target 11:

All States to implement PBN procedures for all instrument runways by end of year 2025.

 Target 12:

All States to progressively reduce the rate of aircraft proximity (AIRPROX) occurrences in their managed airspaces by at least 50% annually from Dec. 2017 baseline, in order to attain and maintain a level of zero (0) Airprox by correspondingly reducing errors in the following contributive factors by end year 2020.

 Target 13:

Establishment of seamless Air Navigation Services in the AFI Region by end year 2024:

  • All States to ensure provision of harmonized Air Navigation Services in terms of flight separation, interoperability of CNS/ATM systems to reduce airspace complexity and achieve seamless operations along major air traffic flows.

  • Various initiatives formulated by the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and ANSPs within the AFI Region to be harmonized.

Target 14:

All States to implement ASBU B0 Modules:

  • All States to develop National ASBU Plan by end of 2018.

 Target 15:

All States to develop and implement a National Plan for the reduction of CO2 emissions due to international civil aviation by end of year 2022.

Target 16:

All States to ensure that their ANSPs effectively participate in the African ANSP Peer Review Programme by end of year 2022